Modernist Ideology

I am doing a lot of research currently, as part of my PhD, on modern architecture, and specifically, how modern architecture manifested itself in Lebanon between 1940 and 1975 give or take a couple of years. There is almost utter silence on the level of architectural theory when it comes to Lebanon during these years. Only few architects wrote scattered articles here and there about architecture during that period and about that period.

This gives rise to the possibility that there was no clear or unified ideology driving architectural production in Lebanon between 1940 and 1975, and probably so. Yet, the large majority of building production during the formation of the modern nation of Lebanon took place between these years. In addition, most of the buildings produced in Lebanon during that era have a very clear modernist vocabulary, at least in terms of building volume and facade, which raises several questions in turn:

If there was not an ideological framework for building production in Lebanon between 1940 and 1975, how can we classify the immense corpus of buildings during that period? In addition, what can this inform us about the relationship between ideology and architecture? Does architecture necessarily depend on ideology and theory for its productions to be meaningful?



Saint George Hotel 1932